2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine announced
China Media Outlet, October 4th. According to the official website of the Nobel Prize, in the afternoon of the 4th Beijing gmt, the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was revealed. American scientists David Julius and Arden Pataputi Ann (Ardem Patapoutian) earned the award for his breakthroughs in temperature and touch.
Scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian jointly received the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Image source: Nobel Prize official website
From 1901 until 2020, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been granted 111 times, and a total of 222 persons have earned prizes. The following are the winners and accomplishments of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in the previous 10 years:
The Caroline School of Medicine in Sweden stated on October 5, 2020 that the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine would be presented to American scientists Harvey Alt, Charles Rice and British scientist Michael Horton in appreciation of their discovery of C Hepatitis B virus.
American scientists Harvey Alt, Charles Rice and British scientist Michael Horton earned honors for their contributions to the discovery of the hepatitis C virus.
American scientists William Kelling, Greg Semenza, and British scientist Peter Ratcliffe earned honors in appreciation of their efforts to “discovering how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
The American immunologist James Allison and the Japanese immunologist Shusuke Honshu earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for finding cancer medicines that suppress negative immune regulation.
American scientists Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael Young demonstrated how many animals, plants and people adjust their biological cycles to the day and night shifts that accompany the earth’s rotation, and earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Japanese molecular cell scientist Yoshinori Ohsumi earned the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the mechanism of autophagy.
Data map: At the end of 2017, Tu Youyou, laureate of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine and head of the Artemisinin Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, agreed an exclusive interview with a reporter from Xinhua News Agency. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhou Ning\s2015
Chinese scientist Tu Youyou won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for “the combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine proposed artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin therapy”; at the same time, Irish scientist William Campbell and Japanese scientist Tomoin Omura” discovered “A new treatment for an infection caused by an ascaris parasitic disease” also won the award.
The British scientist John O’Keeffe and the two Norwegian scientists Edward Mossor and May Breit Mossall earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for “discovering the cells that make up the brain’s location system”.
American scientists James E. Rothman and Randy-W. Sheckman, and German scientist Thomas-C. Suderhoff, due of their “new findings in the area of intracellular transport systems, the three uncovered how cell vesicles are transported.” “Operation and Regulation Mechanism” got the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
British scientist Sir John Gordon and Japanese scientist Shinyain Yamanaka “discovered that mature cells may be rewritten into multifunctional cells” and awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
American scientist Bruce Butler and French scientist Jules Holman won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their “discovery of the activation of innate immune mechanisms”; Canadian scientist Ralph Steinman also “discovered dendrites” Cells and their role in acquired immunity” jointly won the award.
Read More: The Nobel Prize in Physics